A common gray squirrel.Eurasian Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris)A squirrel eating a nut
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Squirrel

Squirrel is the common name for rodents of the family Sciuridae (from Greek skia shadow and oura tail i.e. "tail that casts a shadow"). In everyday speech in the English-speaking world it usually refers to members of the genera Sciurus and Tamiasciurus. more...

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These typical members of the family are tree squirrels with large bushy tails, and are native to Europe, Asia and the Americas. Similar genera are found in Africa. However, the Sciuridae also include flying squirrels, and ground squirrels such as the chipmunks, prairie dogs, and woodchucks. The unrelated family Anomaluridae also have "squirrel" in their common name, though they are usually referred to as "scaly-tailed flying squirrels".

A male is a buck. A female is a doe. Babies are kits (male) or kittens (female), and collectively pups. Squirrels also nest; these nests are called dreys, which may also refer to a group of squirrels.

Background

Typical squirrels include the European Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris, the Fox Squirrel S. niger, the Eastern Gray Squirrel S. carolinensis, the Western Gray Squirrel S. griseus, and the American Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus.

The "Black Squirrel" is actually a variant of the Eastern Gray Squirrel. Although considered rare in many areas, it is the dominant variety in most of Ontario, Quebec, and certain areas of the Northeastern United States. It is thought that the black variant developed its dark coat to better absorb heat in colder climates. In the United Kingdom, a colony of black squirrels has existed around the town of Letchworth Garden City for many years.

The Red Squirrel populations in Britain, Ireland, and, more recently, northern Italy, have declined and become regionally extinct in recent decades, primarily because of competition from Gray Squirrels (introduced from North America), but also habitat loss. Conservation efforts include preserving and planting the conifer forests that Red Squirrels prefer. The recent colonisation of mainland Europe from Italy by Gray Squirrels is expected to result ultimately in the extinction of the Red Squirrel over most of Europe.

Diet and feeding behaviour

One well-known trait of some species of squirrel is the gathering and storing of nuts for the winter. These squirrels are scatter-hoarders, i.e. they will gather nuts and store them in any accessible hiding place, usually by burying them. Recent research shows that they have excellent memories for the locations of these caches.

Despite the popular impression, squirrels are actually omnivores; as well as eating a wide variety of plant food, including nuts, seeds, fruits, fungi (for example, mushrooms), and green vegetation, they also eat insects, eggs, and even small birds, smaller mammals, and frogs. There has even been a report of squirrels eating dogs.

Squirrels are generally clever and persistent animals; in residential neighborhoods they are notorious for eating out of bird feeders, digging in potted plants either to bury or recover food, and for setting up house in sheltered areas including attics. While many companies sell bird feeders which are supposedly "squirrel-proof", most of them in fact are not.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Audubon Mammals of the Southeast Southart Parkway Quad Ed Pl 89 Say's SquirrelAudubon Mammals of the Southeast Southart Parkway Quad Ed Pl 89 Say's Squirrel $100.00 Audubon 1989 Vintage "Townsend'S Ground Squirrel" Mammal Color Art LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Townsend'S Ground Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
Audubon 1989 Vintage "Hudson Bay, Chickaree Red Squirrel" Mammal Color LithoAudubon 1989 Vintage "Hudson Bay, Chickaree Red Squirrel" Mammal Color Litho $2.00 Fossil squirrel Jaw, Ischyromys, White river badlands, NebraskaFossil squirrel Jaw, Ischyromys, White river badlands, Nebraska $20.00
Taxidermy - American Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsoni) with permit - not CitesTaxidermy - American Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsoni) with permit - not Cites $62.42 Audubon 1989 Vintage "Prairie Dog Marmot Squirrel" Mammal Color Art LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Prairie Dog Marmot Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
Early Squirrel, Ischyromys typus, Fossil Partial Jaw, Badlands, S Dakota, I235Early Squirrel, Ischyromys typus, Fossil Partial Jaw, Badlands, S Dakota, I235 $19.95 Audubon 1989 Vintage "Say'S Marmot Squirrel" Lovely Mammal Color Art LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Say'S Marmot Squirrel" Lovely Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
Audubon 1989 Vintage "Oregon Flying Squirrel" Rocky Mammal Color Art LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Oregon Flying Squirrel" Rocky Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00 1989 Audubon Vintage "Red Tailed Squirrel" A Lovely Mammal Color Art Lithograph1989 Audubon Vintage "Red Tailed Squirrel" A Lovely Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
1989 Audubon Vintage "Say'S Squirrel" A Lovely Mammal Color Art Lithograph Print1989 Audubon Vintage "Say'S Squirrel" A Lovely Mammal Color Art Lithograph Print $2.00 Audubon 1989 Vintage "Franklin'S Marmot Squirrel" Mammal Color Art LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Franklin'S Marmot Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
Audubon 1989 Vintage "Leopard Spermophile" Squirrel Mammal Color Art LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Leopard Spermophile" Squirrel Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00 Animal Trap Steel Cage for Small Live Rodent Rat Squirrel Raccoon Iron 32" x 12“Animal Trap Steel Cage for Small Live Rodent Rat Squirrel Raccoon Iron 32" x 12“ $33.09
Rugged Ranch Sqrto Squirrelinator Trap CatchMor Live Animal 2 Door Metal CageRugged Ranch Sqrto Squirrelinator Trap CatchMor Live Animal 2 Door Metal Cage $69.99 Audubon 1989 Vintage "Chipping Squirrel, Hackee" Mammal Color Art LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Chipping Squirrel, Hackee" Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
New Flying Squirrel Rubber Stamp, Squirrel Stamp, Cute Animal Stamp, MammalNew Flying Squirrel Rubber Stamp, Squirrel Stamp, Cute Animal Stamp, Mammal $10.20 Black Squirrel by Mark Catesby - Art PrintBlack Squirrel by Mark Catesby - Art Print $21.99 to
2Pcs Animal Repeller Ultrasonic Solar Power Outdoor Squirrel Repellent Dog Cat2Pcs Animal Repeller Ultrasonic Solar Power Outdoor Squirrel Repellent Dog Cat $25.88 Audubon 1989 Vintage "Downy Squirrel" Lovely Mammal Color Art Plate LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Downy Squirrel" Lovely Mammal Color Art Plate Lithograph $2.00
Audubon 1989 Vintage "Fox Squirrel" A Lovely Mammal Color Art Plate LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Fox Squirrel" A Lovely Mammal Color Art Plate Lithograph $3.20 Northern Flying Squirrel Audubon Mammal Animal Zoology Illustration Poster PrintNorthern Flying Squirrel Audubon Mammal Animal Zoology Illustration Poster Print $30.00 to
Partial Squirrel or Rabbit Fossil In Matrix From The White River FormationPartial Squirrel or Rabbit Fossil In Matrix From The White River Formation $225.00 Black Squirrel Audubon Mammal Animal Zoology Illustration Poster PrintBlack Squirrel Audubon Mammal Animal Zoology Illustration Poster Print $30.00 to
Fox Squirrel Embroidered Cotton Cap New Hat Wildlife MammalFox Squirrel Embroidered Cotton Cap New Hat Wildlife Mammal $22.79 Ischryomys Squirrel Skull Fossil Oligocene 18153Ischryomys Squirrel Skull Fossil Oligocene 18153 $224.99
5 Five Small Mammal Rodent Rat Muskrat Squirrel Rabbit Incisor Fossils Teeth Jaw5 Five Small Mammal Rodent Rat Muskrat Squirrel Rabbit Incisor Fossils Teeth Jaw $20.00 24' Live Animal Trap Cage Skunks Squirrels Raccoons Small Game Rats24' Live Animal Trap Cage Skunks Squirrels Raccoons Small Game Rats $20.59
Vintage Ceramic Animal Creature Sculpture Art Pottery Squirrel Mammal AcademiaVintage Ceramic Animal Creature Sculpture Art Pottery Squirrel Mammal Academia $80.00 Rugged Ranch Sqrto Squirrelinator Squirrel 2 Door Trap Cage (2 Pack)Rugged Ranch Sqrto Squirrelinator Squirrel 2 Door Trap Cage (2 Pack) $125.98
Ischyromys Squirrel Skull From The White River Badlands Of NebraskaIschyromys Squirrel Skull From The White River Badlands Of Nebraska $125.00 1989 Audubon Vintage "Black Squirrel" A Gorgeous Mammal Color Art Lithograph1989 Audubon Vintage "Black Squirrel" A Gorgeous Mammal Color Art Lithograph $3.20
Early Squirrel, Ischyromys typus, 2 Fossil Jaw Sections, Badlands, S Dakota I229Early Squirrel, Ischyromys typus, 2 Fossil Jaw Sections, Badlands, S Dakota I229 $19.95 1989 Audubon Vintage "California Grey Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Lithograph1989 Audubon Vintage "California Grey Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
Fossil squirrel Jaws & Palate , Ischyromys, White river badlands, NebraskaFossil squirrel Jaws & Palate , Ischyromys, White river badlands, Nebraska $15.00 1989 Audubon Vintage "Fremont'S & Sooty Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Lithograph1989 Audubon Vintage "Fremont'S & Sooty Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
1989 Audubon Vintage "Mexican Marmot Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Plate Lithograph1989 Audubon Vintage "Mexican Marmot Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Plate Lithograph $2.00 Taxidermy - Plantain Squirrel (Callosciurus notatus) with permit - not CitesTaxidermy - Plantain Squirrel (Callosciurus notatus) with permit - not Cites $62.42
Early Squirrel, Ischyromys typus, Fossil Jaw Section, Badlands, S Dakota, I233Early Squirrel, Ischyromys typus, Fossil Jaw Section, Badlands, S Dakota, I233 $19.95 1989 Audubon Vintage "Migratory Squirrel" A Gorgeous Mammal Color Art Lithograph1989 Audubon Vintage "Migratory Squirrel" A Gorgeous Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
Flying Squirrel Stamp 1988 Canada Wildlife Mammal Single Postage Stamp MnhFlying Squirrel Stamp 1988 Canada Wildlife Mammal Single Postage Stamp Mnh $1.00 1989 Audubon Vintage "Annulated Marmot Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Lithograph1989 Audubon Vintage "Annulated Marmot Squirrel" Mammal Color Art Lithograph $2.00
Audubon 1989 Vintage "Richardson'S Columbian Squirrel" Mammal Color LithographAudubon 1989 Vintage "Richardson'S Columbian Squirrel" Mammal Color Lithograph $2.00 New ListingPlug in Ultrasonic Rodent Repellent Indoor Squirrel Mouse Repeller RatDeterrentNew ListingPlug in Ultrasonic Rodent Repellent Indoor Squirrel Mouse Repeller RatDeterrent $19.99
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Prices current as of last update, 05/25/24 12:41pm.

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